Why Ricardo Tosto Is One of Brazil’s Leading Attorneys

Much like the culture of Brazil, the South American nation’s legal system is also a mosaic of various legal traditions. People in Brazil come from a wide variety of backgrounds that are rooted in the country’s history. Some Brazilians are descended from West African ethnic groups such as the Yoruba who were taken to Brazil as slaves during the Transatlantic slave trade. Other Brazilians are descended from people who were originally from Japan or from the Portuguese who created the colony that would become modern day Brazil. Brazil’s legal system is no different.

The system of law that exists in Brazil today was influenced by various legal traditions. Some of these legal traditions include the civil law system which finds its origins in legal traditions that date back to the Roman Empire. Civil law is drawn from concepts that the Romans used to run their judicial and legal systems. Other legal traditions that have shaped present day Brazilian law include Napoleonic Code and a system that is known as Germanic Law. The Napoleonic Code is derived from France and was established during the rule of the French emperor Napoleon I. Brazilian law is also influenced by the Portuguese legal system due to the role that the Portuguese played in Brazil’s history.

The Brazilian legal system is complicated and difficult to master but even so Brazilian attorney Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has managed to become one of the leading experts in the practice of Brazilian law. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a senior partner at the law firm Leite, Tosto and Barros Advogados Associados which is based in the Brazilian city of Sao Paolo. His work at Leite, Tosto and Barros Advogados Associados has often led him to offer legal advice to international corporations that are doing business in Brazil.

One of the areas of expertise that Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has developed is in the area of international law. International law is in demand because more companies are doing business in countries outside of the one that they originally incorporated in. Each country has its own system for governing the activities of a business and corporations often need the services of skilled local attorneys like Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho to guide them on their journey to complying with laws that might be completely new to them. In addition to working on international law issues Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is also a member of many illustrious Brazilian legal organizations. For example he is an administrator with the Brazilian Institute for Political Party and Election Law Studies and a board member at the Center for Attorney Partnerships.

New Method to Find Top Lawyers

Most people will find themselves in a situation several times in their life that requires legal representation. Whether this is for a criminal, civil, or planning issue, having access to quality legal representation is very important. Unfortunately, most people do not have immediate access to a lawyer when they need it and there does not seem to be a system established to help people find a lawyer. While finding a lawyer used to be a challenge, those that are in the New York area can now take advantage of a system that provides people with all the information they need about local attorneys.


In the past few months, the New York State Bar Association released a new database that helps consumers find lawyers when they need it. The new system, which is called the Lawyer Referral and Information Service, allows a consumer to find a lawyer that is in their area. The database is available online and can be accessed 24 hours per day.


When looking to obtain a lawyer and using the Lawyer Referral and Information Service, a consumer can search for an attorney using a range of different factors. The consumer will be able to input information including their location, the type of attorney that they need, a budget, and filter for a rating system. Once all of this information is inputted into the system, a consumer will be given a list of lawyers that meet their preferences. They can then use the database to obtain the contact information of the attorney to start the process of hiring one.


Another benefit of using the Lawyer Referral and Information Service is that it can help a consumer save a lot of money. Lawyers that are engaged through this service are required to provide a very affordable legal consultation, with a cap of just $35. After this, the attorney is able to charge their standard rates, but the consumer is under no obligation to engage the attorney further. An added benefit of this is that all information that is submitted to the attorney, or through the database, will be kept highly confidential and cannot be shared in any way.


If you are in need of a lawyer, a great option to consider is Jeremy Goldstein. Jeremy Goldstein is a partner at Jeremy L. Goldstein & Associates, which is one of the leading boutique law firms in New York City. Jeremy L. Goldstein & Associates focuses on providing major corporations with advisement for compensation committees, which ultimately are involved in deciding compensation for CEOs and senior executives of other major organizations.


Prior to forming Jeremy L. Goldstein & Associates, Jeremy Goldstein was a leading compensation advisement attorney working for another firm in New York City. He has over 40 years experience in the field and has provided services to many of the largest corporations and associations in the world. He is admitted to the New York Bar and has received a number of top awards and accolades over the course of his 40 year career.

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Ricardo Tosto is an Epitome of Success in the Brazilian Judicial System

The legal system in Brazil was comprised of approximately 181,000 laws, which were diverse and anachronistic. Most of the lawyers and Federal Court of Justice were not familiar with some of the laws. When Chamber of Deputies reviewed and analyzed the laws, it revoked some of them. The review left Brazil will 1,000 laws. All lawyers are familiar with the seven unique laws such as:

  1. Physical gambling

In 1946, the Brazilian legal system banned real gambling due to the inability of the government to monitor winnings. However, online gambling is permitted.

  1. Hunting

The Brazilian law prohibits hunting but allows subsistence hunting to preserve the culture of certain indigenous communities in Brazil.

  1. The cigarette law

Brazil does not permit smoking in public places. The country banned the importation and selling of e-cigarettes in 2009.

  1. Use of helmets inside premises

Several Brazilian states prohibited wearing of helmets inside premises to reduce the number of robberies instigated by bikers.

Ricardo Tosto

Ricardo Tosto is an attorney and an entrepreneur from Brazil. Tosto is one of the renowned experts in the in the Brazilian legal system. Tosto is a graduate of the McKenzie University and the Armando Alvares Penteado. He is also an executive partner at the Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados, a law firm that specializes in business consulting and litigation. This law firm serves private and public companies and has a workforce of about 400 employees. Tosto began working at small law firms and handled cases involving business litigation. He represented big corporations and high profile clients and, thus, his cases attract public and media attention. He also represented politicians with diverse ideological opinions. Tosto also handled pro-bono cases involving non-governmental institutions.

Tosto established himself as a leading attorney in the Brazilian judicial system after forming Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados. He mentored some of the prominent lawyers in Brazil. Almost all the employees who work in this law firm including senior partners were once under his mentorship. Ricardo Tosto has also been involved in the development of certain Brazilian laws that have economic value. Tosto was also among the first legal experts to adopt certain legal practices that have become useful tools. Tosto manages, supervises, and formulates policies at the firm.


Thor Halvorssen is on A Mission

Opening Closed Societies

About 35% of all humans currently live in “closed” societies. Closed societies, essentially, are countries where one’s position in life is permanently fixed. If, for instance, you are born into the lower classes you remain in the lower classes your entire life. There is no opportunity for you to advance beyond your initial station in life. Thor Halvorssen founded the Human Rights Foundation to fight this exact problem. As a native of Venezuela, Halvorssen understands the danger of a society in which only particular individuals are able to achieve power. Through his foundation he intends to find ways to open doors for all people regardless of where they live.

Taking Things Personally

Thor Halvorssen advocates for open societies because authoritarianism has influenced his life. He has seen family members suffer the consequences of speaking out against corrupt governments and the dangers of protesting against a brutal enemy. In fact, his mother, Hilda Mendoza, was actually killed by supporters of Hugo Chavez during a protest of the 2004 referendum. Although he had founded the Human Rights Foundation earlier that year, the death of his mother gave Halvorssen the strength to make his activism a more serious cause.

What The Future Holds

Thor Halvorssen understands that his mission is far from over. He continues to pursue ways to empower those living under dictatorships and to fight corruption in government. Documentaries, and occasionally fictional works, are one of his most frequent means of expressing his message. At certain times, this has even led to the endangerment of his own life. His interview of a Vietnamese Buddhist activist under the scrutiny of the Vietnamese government is perhaps the most pithy example. After he had conducted the interview, Halvorssen was placed under arrest by the Vietnamese government. Eventually, after convincing authorities he was actually a recent convert to Buddhism, Halvorssen was freed. However, prior to his release he was subject to a variety of abuses at the hands of the Vietnamese government. Regardless of this danger, or perhaps because of it, Halvorssen continues to strive towards a world of open societies.

Thor Halvorssen Looks to Keep The Pressure on Tyrants of All Kinds

The work of human rights groups is often seen as worthy and important, but measuring their success can often be difficult as the impact they have can be difficult to gauge. The founder of the Human Rights Foundation, Thor Halvorssen established the group in 2005 as he looked for new and improved ways of achieving success as a human rights campaigner after many years spent working with major organizations across the world; Halvorssen has spent the last few years looking to bring stories out of closed societies and free political prisoners.

By 2016, the Human Rights Foundation’s small team of activists had embarked on programs resulting in the release of many political prisoners from around the world that Thor Halvorssen believes to be tangible signs of their growing influence across the world. Thor believes the spotlight should always be shone on areas of the world where issues of human rights are of the greatest importance. A part of the frustration Thor Halvorssen reported in the past about his work with other groups has been based on the fact he believes to much time and funding is wasted on exploring relatively small human rights issues in the developed world.

Thor Halvorssen is not the kind of activist who simply sits behind a desk and writes articles or social media posts explaining issues in different areas of the world. Born in Venezuela to families with long histories of diplomatic and government positions, Thor Halvorssen has been working to gain entry to closed societies and affect change with his fellow twelve Human Rights Foundation activists dedicated to freeing political prisoners and discovering information about human rights violations. As the public face and leader of the group Thor believes it is important for him to act as strongly as possible to bring about the change needed in the future, which he has done by entering countries including Vietnam to learn first hand about the issues facing political prisoners.

Summary Of Geoffrey Cone’s Epic Response To A Recent Feature On New Zealand’s Policy On Foreign Trusts

Geoffrey Cone is a force to reckon with when it comes to tax laws. He is a specialist and an established legal practitioner. He graduated from University of Otago in New Zealand with a degree in tax and trust law and also got a post graduate diploma in the same course. He began practicing in Auckland, New Zealand in 1980.


Later, he relocated to Christchurch where he worked in a notable law firm not just as a partner but as the Chairman of partners. He specialized in tax and trust advisory and commercial litigation. Due to his legal expertise, it didn’t take long before he began to appear in court as lead counsel. Thereafter, he worked for another two years before relocating back to Auckland 1997. Two years after his return, he established his own law firm – Cone Marshall Limited. His firm is said to be the only law firm in New Zealand that handles international trust and tax planning.


New Zealand is not a tax haven and can never be. OECD regularly updates the list of tax havens and New Zealand has never been included in the list. There is usually lack of transparency in the dealings of tax havens and they also hinder free flow of exchange of information with other governments. New Zealand does not engage in that so it can’t be regarded as a tax haven.


Due to the exhibited transparency in the exchange of information with other governments, New Zealand was among the first few countries to be placed on the OECD’s white list for compliance to the internationally agreed tax standard.


Another way through which New Zealand has demonstrated a high level of tax transparency is how foreign trusts are handled and the stringent trustee requirements. All these are geared towards transparency to other governments that may need vital information.


To further strengthen the policy, Michael Cullen introduced new rules in 2006. Every trustee that lives in New Zealand must tender a foreign trust disclosure form and keep other vital records for tax purposes. And all records must be kept in New Zealand and documented in English. Needless to say stiff penalties await defaulters.


To eliminate all forms of tax obstacles to cross-border financial transactions and curb tax evasion, New Zealand operates double tax agreements. Despite all the structures in place, New Zealand also has more than 20 agreements with several other countries on exchange of tax information.


New Zealand always refrains from transacting business with both established and suspected tax havens. We only deal with countries with transparent tax system like the US, Singapore and Britain. Are these characteristics of a tax haven? Despite all New Zealand’s open efforts in curbing tax evasion, why will anybody still see the country as a tax haven?

Learn more: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/business/news/article.cfm?c_id=3&objectid=10846049


Cone Marshall: New Zealand’s Barrister

UPDATE: November 18, 2016 – Cone Marshall recently released a this PDF that includes a complete record of their services and company details.
The subject of international taxes is one of the most fascinating and complex issues facing the world today. With business around the world becoming so much more globalized and connected, it’s becoming a highly important aspect of the practice of law. That’s why I find the story of Cone Marshall, I am amazed when I see the determination Geoffrey Cone and Karen Marshall has shown in making the firm the most prominent international tax and trust planning firm in New Zealand. From what I’ve seen of Cone’s experience in counseling, as well as some experience as a litigator in the West Indies, it’s certainly helping him build this firm into the vision they’ve had for it and beyond. There simply isn’t anyone out there like Cone Marshall. Founded by Geoffrey Cone and Karen Marshall in 1999, the firm has been creating international tax plans for more than 17 years and continues to show the same standards of excellency.

To understand Cone Marshall you have to understand New Zealand and it’s tax transparency. In contrast to a tax haven, where few tax laws exists and those laws that do exist are intended to conceal information from governments, tax transparent countries participate in the international exchange of information in order to improve the enforcement of domestic tax laws. For example, if I were to take $10 million pounds from Britain and put them in a Japanese LLC, tax transparency would require that Japan shares the details of my transfer with the United Kingdom. This isn’t about shady backroom deals or cheating the system.

Equipped with that understanding of New Zealand’s tax transparency, it’s easy to see why Geoffrey Cone and karen Marshall’s firm is so important. Their firm provides foreign businesses with tax plans designed to fit around the demands for transparency found within in New Zealand law. It stands to combat the sort of shifty deals you might see in tax havens. Cone Marshall promotes the sort of transparency and reliability needed in contemporary tax law and trust planning. It’s no wonder so many companies have trusted them to take on so many difficult tasks.

Looking for legal help? Find the Cone Marshall office nearest you: http://www.conemarshall.com/cone-marshall-offices.html

The International Tax Expertise Of Cone Marshall

The world of international business is lucrative and vital to the functioning of many economies. The process of conducting international business is complicated and requires expert planning in order to pull it off. If I were trying to start a business with overseas operations, I’d clearly need to find someone who understands international tax laws and how to manage trusts in order to pull it off successfully. Understanding the need for such professionals Geoffrey Cone and Karen Marshall decided to form Cone Marshall. Using Geoffrey Cone’s expertise and experience with international taxes and Karen Marshall’s experience with trust management the duo have managed to help many clients understand and comply with the standards New Zealand sets for international taxes.

New Zealand’s tax laws focus on tax transparency. One of the biggest problems in international business is the issue of tax evasions. Companies and individuals looking to find a way to avoid paying taxes will hide money in countries that allow them to avoid disclosing financial information. This results in business deals being done essentially under the table and without regulation. The tax transparency laws are designed to require disclosure of financial transactions in order to prevent companies from using New Zealand to circumvent tax laws in their home countries.

Cone Marshall is a firm with tax transparency in mind. The firm informs you about New Zealand’s tax laws and just what is needed in order for investors to comply with the law with their comprehensive international tax planning services. The firm goes even further and offers trust management as well. Simply informing clients on how to comply with the laws of New Zealand isn’t enough for Cone Marshall. Cone Marshall helps its clients maximize the profits received from investments made in New Zealand. The combination of these two services really helps clients excel.

Cone Marshall operates in a very unique niche. International law takes dedication, experience, and expertise that few are able to obtain. When Cone and Marshall decided to work together they brought skills and expertise at a level few will ever obtain. The teamwork they produce makes them among the finest in New Zealand.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho: A Leader in the Brazilian Legal Sector

When kids are growing up, a lawyer is one of the top professions they mention of wanting to become. They play a significant role in the economy today. Lawyers assume the important role of forming and reforming laws in a country. They make the list of top earners in the society today and therefore admired by the society.


Brazil currently has over 620,000 lawyers with over a third operating in Sao Paulo and over a sixth practicing in Rio de Janeiro. To practice law in Brazil, a student has to go through five years of school and afterward he or she has to pass the bar examinations known as Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil.


The Brazilian Constitution, which serves as the Brazilian supreme law has been in use since 1988. However, its civil law is mainly derived from the Portuguese, French, German and Italian civil laws. Immediately you land in Brazil and finding a lawyer becomes a priority, you can easily find one on the internet. However, you should ask basic questions like, how long they have been practicing law as well as their cost and billing methods.


If you’re looking for an elite law firm in Brazil, you should try Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados. It has represented some of the biggest personalities in Brazil.


About Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho


Mr. Tosto is one of the most decorated leaders and strategists in the Brazilian legal practice. His career started in a small law office that went on to become the most qualified corporate litigation law firm in the area. He then established his firm, which soon grew to become one of the largest law firms in Brazil.


During his long industrious career, he has defended many public personalities and companies on the national scale. He has provided legal counsel for large Brazilian corporations and multinationals, the Brazilian government, and politicians of different ideological views.


Mr. Tosto is one of the pioneers in the adoption of several high-profile legal mechanisms that have become conventionally used around the Brazilian community of law. He guided his current partners, who started out as interns in the firm. Mr. Tosto’s duties include overseeing the firm’s most important cases, providing innovative strategies for the firm and providing leadership in the firm.